A scientific look at the nature of spirituality, including meditation, near death experiences, religion and altered states of consciousness.
As new and more effective human reproductive genetic technologies develop, people of faith are more likely to disapprove of these tools than nonreligious people, a new study found.
Posted: April 25, 2017, 6:31 pm
Few studies have looked at whether mindfulness meditation is equally effective among men and women in addressing mood, but a new study in a college setting found a substantial difference.
Posted: April 20, 2017, 3:38 pm
The first semester of college is a time of great transition for many students -- they often are living away from home for the first time, have a much more fluid schedule than in high school and are potentially surrounded by a new peer group. Mindfulness training may be one way to help students successfully transition to college life, according to researchers.
Posted: April 20, 2017, 1:02 pm
Religiosity has been associated with various forms of fasting and self-starvation for thousands of years. Many believe that extreme religiosity can be a risk factor of anorexia nervosa. However, a recent population study conducted in Finland showed that religiosity does not increase the risk of anorexia nervosa.
Posted: April 11, 2017, 12:59 pm
Researchers say it may seem contradictory that a means of generalizing to people at large is used when reflecting on one's most personal and idiosyncratic experiences.
Posted: March 23, 2017, 6:14 pm
More Americans than ever are turning to spiritual, meditative and religious retreats as a way to reset their daily life and enhance well-being. Now, researchers show there are changes in the dopamine and serotonin systems in the brains of retreat participants.
Posted: March 23, 2017, 12:36 pm
Why do people pay for experiences deliberately marketed as painful? According to a new study, consumers will pay big money for extraordinary -- even painful -- experiences to offset the physical malaise resulting from today's sedentary lifestyles.
Posted: March 22, 2017, 5:21 pm
The people one dates share many similarities -- both physically and personality-wise -- a new study has found.
Posted: March 22, 2017, 1:21 pm
A relationship between epilepsy and heightened religious experiences has been recognized since at least the 19th century. In a recent study, researchers found a neurological relationship exists between religiosity -- a disposition for spiritual experience and religious activity -- and epilepsy. This finding sheds light on the connection between religion and neuropsychological processes within the human brain.
Posted: March 8, 2017, 6:11 pm
By analyzing how peoples' religious practice correlates with their social support networks in two villages in South India, a researcher proposes an evolutionary benefit to religious participation.
Posted: March 6, 2017, 4:42 pm
Emotions are not innately programmed into our brains, but, in fact, are cognitive states resulting from the gathering of information, researchers conclude.
Posted: February 15, 2017, 5:11 pm
We love to tell friends and family about experiences we've had and they haven't -- from exotic vacations to celebrity sightings -- but new research suggests that these stories don't thrill them quite as much as we imagine. A series of studies shows that both speakers and listeners expect novel stories to be bigger crowd pleasers, but that listeners end up enjoying familiar stories more.
Posted: February 14, 2017, 2:27 pm
Researchers have discovered a reason why we often struggle to remember the smaller details of past experiences.
Posted: February 14, 2017, 2:26 pm
A new study finds a wide range of subtle but measurable tendencies in the thinking of people who would rather snatch a quick reward than wait for a bigger one.
Posted: February 1, 2017, 2:26 pm
We all have particular experiences or particular things -- a favorite song, for example -- that mean much more to us than others. Now, researchers who've studied how perceptions of meaning change when people take the psychedelic drug known as LSD have traced that sense of meaningfulness to particular neurochemicals and receptors in the brain.
Posted: January 26, 2017, 6:25 pm
Mindfulness meditation is an increasingly popular treatment for anxiety, but testing its effectiveness in a convincing way has been difficult. Now a rigorously designed, clinical trial has found objective physiological evidence that mindfulness meditation combats anxiety.
Posted: January 24, 2017, 4:13 pm
In a recent study of adults with early memory loss, scientists found that practice of a simple meditation or music listening program may have multiple benefits for older adults with preclinical memory loss.
Posted: January 22, 2017, 12:08 am
Americans who are more involved in religious congregations are less likely to own handguns, according to a new study.
Posted: January 17, 2017, 3:22 pm
In a survey of almost 2,000 people who said they had had a past negative experience when taking psilocybin-containing 'magic mushrooms,' a researchers say that more than 10 percent believed their worst 'bad trip' had put themselves or others in harm's way, and a substantial majority called their most distressing episode one of the top 10 biggest challenges of their lives.
Posted: December 30, 2016, 11:06 pm
Emotional experiences can induce physiological and internal brain states that persist for long periods of time after the emotional events have ended, a team of scientists has found.
Posted: December 27, 2016, 2:12 am
Wanting to squash not-so-great memories is human nature, but is it possible to intentionally forget a traumatic experience?
Posted: December 9, 2016, 1:11 pm
Fear of confronting the tensions and conflicts brought on by existential concerns—the “big questions” of life—is linked with poorer mental health, including higher levels of depression, anxiety and difficulty regulating emotions, according to a new study.
Posted: December 5, 2016, 4:10 pm
A substantial majority of people suffering cancer-related anxiety or depression found considerable relief for up to six months from a single large dose of psilocybin -- the active compound in hallucinogenic "magic mushrooms" -- researchers report after a small double-blind study.
Posted: December 1, 2016, 2:44 pm
Religious and spiritual experiences activate the brain reward circuits in much the same way as love, sex, gambling, drugs and music, report researchers.
Posted: November 29, 2016, 1:50 pm
The third annual Chapman University Survey of American Fears (2016) has been released by researchers. The survey asked respondents about 65 fears across a broad range of categories including fears about the government, crime, the environment, the future, technology, health, natural disasters, as well as fears of public speaking, spiders, heights, ghosts and many other personal anxieties. In addition to the set of fears examined in previous waves, the survey team took a closer look at two fear related phenomena: Americans' beliefs in conspiracy theories and fear of Muslims, sometimes referred to as "Islamophobia."
Posted: October 12, 2016, 8:00 pm
Meditation can help tame your emotions even if you're not a mindful person, suggests a new study. Psychology researchers recorded the brain activity of people looking at disturbing pictures immediately after meditating for the first time. These participants were able to tame their negative emotions just as well as participants who were naturally mindful.
Posted: October 3, 2016, 4:07 pm
Oxytocin has been dubbed the "love hormone" for its role promoting social bonding, altruism and more. Now new research suggests the hormone may also support spirituality.
Posted: September 21, 2016, 12:54 pm
Posting personal experiences on social media makes those events much easier to recall, a new study -- the first to look at social media's effect on memory -- has found
Posted: September 7, 2016, 6:32 pm
New research examines whether or not, and to what extent, a combination of spiritual meditation and migraine medication affects analgesic medication usage.
Posted: September 2, 2016, 4:53 pm
Scientists used a rigorous study design to assess the biological impact of meditation compared to vacation. The researchers found that a resort vacation provides a strong and immediate impact on molecular networks associated with stress and immune pathways, in addition to short-term improvements in well-being, as measured by feelings of vitality and distress. A meditation retreat, for those who already used meditation regularly, was associated with molecular networks characterized by antiviral activity. The molecular signature of long-term meditators was distinct from the non-meditating vacationers.
Posted: August 30, 2016, 1:18 pm
In a first-of-its kind study, researchers found that active learning classrooms, which require more group work than traditional lecture courses, may create an unaccepting atmosphere for LGBTQIA students.
Posted: August 26, 2016, 2:48 pm
People with albinism face major health problems, including skin cancer, involuntary eye movements, and poor eyesight. According to a new study, many of them also suffer severe discrimination and social stigmatization.
Posted: August 23, 2016, 12:36 pm
A new study suggests that people who participate in regular religious acts send a clear signal to others that they're ready and willing to contribute to their communities. A researcher spent two years in southern India collecting evidence on religious involvement and community standing. Her observations support a theory which predicts that people will pay a price in time, money, or even physical pain to demonstrate something to others.
Posted: August 22, 2016, 12:34 pm
Beginning pornography use is associated with a substantial increase in the probability of divorce for married Americans, and this increase is especially large for women, finds a new study.
Posted: August 22, 2016, 12:33 pm
Eight weeks of mindfulness training helped alleviate depressive symptoms and reduce stress in African-American women with lower socio-economic status, providing an effective alternative to more conventional treatment, report scientists.
Posted: August 15, 2016, 10:59 pm
Numerous challenges face providers who are administering developmental screenings for refugee children, including differences in cultural and religious beliefs, language barriers, and disparate education levels, according to new research.
Posted: August 15, 2016, 3:14 pm
Whether an HIV-positive man has met cultural expectations of masculinity might impact how much stigma he experiences, according to a new study.
Posted: August 8, 2016, 4:07 pm
Researchers are studying how cognitive therapy that uses mindfulness techniques, such as meditation, quiet reflection and facilitator-led discussion, may serve as an adjunct to pharmacological treatments for youth with anxiety disorders.
Posted: July 20, 2016, 2:54 pm
Archeologists have discovered remarkable evidence which shows how the first generations of Europeans to arrive in the Americas engaged with indigenous peoples and their spiritual beliefs deep inside the caves of a remote Caribbean island.
Posted: July 19, 2016, 1:16 pm
Meditation has long been promoted as a way to feel more at peace. But research shows it can significantly improve attention, working memory, creativity, immune function, emotional regulation, self-control, cognitive and school performance and healthy habits while reducing stress.
Posted: July 18, 2016, 3:25 pm
Evidence has been found that religious identification and belief in a god dampen the otherwise strong negative effect that political conservatism typically has on whether people make purchasing decisions with concern for the environment in mind.
Posted: July 12, 2016, 3:55 pm
Online abuse between former partners after relationship break ups is common and distressing among UK adults, a new survey suggests.
Posted: July 10, 2016, 1:42 pm
When talking about troubling sexual encounters some women mention faking sexual pleasure to speed up their male partner’s orgasm and ultimately end sex.
Posted: July 8, 2016, 12:20 pm
The vast majority of us subscribe to the idea that human activity dramatically changes the natural environment, altering many biological processes. But addressing the global nature of human impact may require help from belief systems large enough to conceptualize on a cosmic scale.
Posted: July 5, 2016, 1:23 pm
Women who attended religious services had a lower risk of suicide compared with women who never attended services, according to a new article.
Posted: June 29, 2016, 4:56 pm
A biology professor has published a study that, for the first time, provides strong empirical support for a correlation between a motivation to seek accomplishment and an attraction to leisure.
Posted: June 29, 2016, 2:59 pm
'Anti-evolution' education legislation continues to be introduced because lawmakers want to appease religious constituents, not because they expect the bills to be made into laws, new research theorizes.
Posted: June 20, 2016, 8:10 pm
Sad music can provide enjoyment, comfort or pain to different people, according to new research looking at the effects of melancholy songs on the emotions.
Posted: June 14, 2016, 7:59 pm
Physician-assisted death was supported by a majority of California and Hawaii residents, regardless of their ethnicity, who responded to an online survey, according to a new study.
Posted: June 9, 2016, 10:45 am
Nothing is more devastating for a parent than the death of a child. Yet, few studies have examined parents’ mental health and personal growth, especially in black and Hispanic parents, following their child’s death in the hospital, and the role of spirituality or religion in helping them cope. Results of a new study reveal important differences in how mothers and fathers cope with the death of a child.
Posted: June 8, 2016, 2:09 pm
A new study shows a fundamental shift in Americans' attitudes about same-sex behavior. Since the 1990s, the percentage of adults who accept same-sex behavior has quadrupled, and those who have participated in same-sex experiences has doubled. These increases were among all generations, with Millennials leading the way.
Posted: June 1, 2016, 5:19 pm
Men with prostate cancer who are under medical surveillance reported significantly greater resilience and less anxiety after receiving an intervention of mindfulness meditation, a study found. The anxiety and uncertainty that men who choose active surveillance experience when diagnosed with prostate cancer causes one in four to receive definitive therapies within one to three years, even when there is no sign of tumor progression.
Posted: May 26, 2016, 10:54 pm
More kids in your family, less education. This pattern isn't new, but a team of researchers has studied why that educational dip occurs and found that there are exceptions to the trend.
Posted: May 25, 2016, 2:17 pm
In a first-of-its kind study, scientists have found that a majority of professors teaching biology in Arizona universities do not believe that helping students accept the theory of evolution is an instructional goal. In fact, a majority of study participants say their only goal is to help students understand evolution.
Posted: May 19, 2016, 6:48 pm
Women who attended religious services more than once per week were more than 30 percent less likely to die during a 16-year-follow-up than women who never attended, according to a new study. Frequent attendees also had significantly lower risk both from cardiovascular- and cancer-related mortality.
Posted: May 16, 2016, 3:52 pm
Members Alcoholics Anonymous who recited AA prayers after viewing drinking-related images reported less craving for alcohol after praying, according to a new study.
Posted: May 12, 2016, 6:29 pm
Humans are resilient, even facing the toughest of life's challenges. How individuals and families deal with demanding and emotionally charged circumstances plays a large role in how they view and face the world and the possible outcomes of a difficult situation. There's no exception for the challenging Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and how families adjust and cope with the reported stress of raising a child with autism.
Posted: May 9, 2016, 11:18 pm
Researchers have identified a powerful human motive that has not been adequately appreciated by social and behavioral scientists: the drive to make sense of our lives and the world around us. They show that it can help to make sense of a wide range of disparate phenomena, including curiosity, boredom, confirmation bias and information avoidance, esthetics, caring about other's beliefs, the importance of narrative and the role of 'the good life' in decision-making.
Posted: May 9, 2016, 2:56 pm
Compared to a national sample of heterosexual parents, gay fathers report similar parenting behavior and measures of wellbeing in their children, according to new research.
Posted: April 30, 2016, 2:02 pm
A belief in the paranormal can mean an individual experiences more déjà vu moments in their life.
Posted: April 28, 2016, 2:14 am